plate and sheet are commonly used in manufacturing today, with the most popular
grades being 2 and 5.
Grade 2 Titanium
Grade 2 is the commercially pure titanium used in most of the chemical
processing plants and is cold formable. Grade 2 plate and sheet can have ultimate
tensile strength at and above 40,000 psi.
Grade 5 Titanium
Grade 5 is the aerospace grade and is not cold formable, so it is used more
often when no forming is needed. Grade 5 aerospace alloy will have ultimate tensile
strength at and above 120,000 psi.
Plate is often used with the goal to get really close to the final
dimensions of the part being made. The material is worked to the closest size of the
desired part and the grain structure of the finished piece is more homogenous. Titanium
sheet is often used as a heat barrier because titanium stops the heat and does not
transfer to the rest of the assembly. Titanium plate and sheet have ballistic properties
making it great for driver protection in racing.
The most commonly used method of making tube/tube sheet joints is roller expansion.
Roller expansion procedures for titanium tube into tube sheets are similar to those used
for other materials. For best results, the tube sheet holes should be within the limits
specified by TEMA (Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association) for shell and tube heat
exchangers or within the limits specified by HEI (Heat Exchange Institute) Standards for
Steam Surface Condensers.
There are three commonly used methods of determining the correct amount of
1. Measuring wall reduction
2. Simulating wall reduction by interference
3. Pull-out strength versus torque curve
The above pull-out test is preferable. The suggested wall reduction for titanium
tubes is 10%. Thus, in a .028" tube or a .020" tube, the required reduction is
.0028" or .0020". A small error in measurement can result in a large
deficiency in pull-out strength.
Why the titanium target price is high?
price is not cheap mainly due to the high price of its raw material titanium.
Titanium sputtering target is mainly used for various film coatings, such as tool
coating, optics coating, solar coating, and the like. However, its high price is a big
obstacle for its popularity and development.
We generally think gold & platinum are expensive because of their scarcity, but how
about titanium? Is it a precious metal? Well, among the list of the top 10 most precious
metals in the world, titanium, unfortunately, doesn’t get its place, which is a
foregone conclusion. Titanium is present in the Earth’s crust at a level of about 0.6%
— the fourth most abundant structural metal after aluminum, iron, and magnesium.
However, titanium is always bonded to other elements in nature. Since titanium
extraction is complex and costly, the price of the titanium product is high.
What is titanium flange?
is a kind of part made of non-ferrous metal titanium or titanium alloy to connect
the pipe with the pipe, which is connected to the pipe end. There are holes on the
titanium flange, and bolts make the two flanges tightly connected. The flange is sealed
with gasket. Flange pipe fittings refer to the pipe fittings with flange (flange or
It can be formed by threaded connection or welding. The flange connection is
composed of a pair of flanges, a gasket and several bolts and nuts. The gasket is placed
between the two flange sealing surfaces. After the nut is tightened, the specific
pressure on the gasket surface reaches a certain value, and the deformation occurs, and
the uneven parts on the sealing surface are filled, so that the connection is tight.
According to the structure type, there are titanium lap Joint flange, titanium weld
neck flange, titanium threaded flange and titanium blind flange, etc.
Progress for the Titanium Industry
Positive progress has been made towards the cost-effective application of titanium
in vehicles for the mass market. The leading applications are cold wound springs
manufactured from low-cost beta alloy, and exhaust systems manufactured from
commercially pure titanium.
These two classes of components are currently being manufactured for the automotive
industry in titanium, using processes and tooling designed for manufacturing parts in
Automotive suppliers and manufacturers look at the total system cost, and while the
titanium industry aims to develop low-cost alloys, it is clear that cheaper titanium
alone will not guarantee an automotive application, but a competitively priced titanium
Therefore, there is a need to establish low-cost manufacturing methods for
titanium parts. In working with
automotive designers, the industry monitors the cost-benefit of using titanium, and
remains abreast of all design and production developments, to reduce the cost and
Requirements of the Automotive Industry
For automotive producers, style and performance remain key sales factors, but
environmentally aware customers with increasingly educated social consciences want not
only these, but also greater safety, minimum noise, maximum fuel economy, and the
continued reduction of harmful emissions.
The pressure of legislation, typically the US Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency
(CAFE), adds to market competition and growing customer demand - forcing design and
material changes. As demand increases for more fuel-efficient and environmentally
friendly cars, affordability is less of an issue. More improvements are being
incorporated into engines, suspension, and bodywork.
Increases in the cost of fuel serve to hasten this process, which also allows for
more to be spent on corrosion resistance, weight, and fuel-saving.
What are Standard Parts
When we say “Standard Parts” we mean machine elements or machine components. Our
Standard parts are
used as the building blocks for machines and products
in many different industries.
We say Standard because all our parts are standardized to common sizes in both inch
and metric. We standardize our parts, so the engineers don’t have to customize each
knob or handle for every project. Using standard parts makes it convenient and fast for
design engineers to find parts by offering multiple different types and sizes. JW Winco
also offers free CAD models for all of our parts to speed up the design process.
What are Non-standard Parts
The non-standard parts of the mould are generally the specification and shape, and
parts are called non-standard parts.In general, the non-standard parts of the
mould are the drawings and requirements provided by the supplier for processing.And
mould parts for the high precision and high quality requirements on hardware
accessories, all the mould parts of the industrial and technical equipment requirements
is very high, non-standard precision mold precision up to 0.001 MM tolerance.Such as:
rubber injection mold and product contact parts in general are standard parts, before
having the main mold, mold, after insert. Can also be said that in addition to the
screw, water nozzle, plunger, aprons, spring, and the rest of the mold are almost
magine a lump of iron the size of a tennis ball. Weigh it in your hand. Now
let it drop on to your foot. How does that feel? Now imagine an identical object three
times as dense. How would that feel if you dropped it? Would you ever walk again?
That metal is Tungstun.
As well as being incredibly dense it is also incredibly hard and has the
highest melting point of all the elements at 3,422C.
A century or so ago the world had no use for it - it was almost impossible
to shape or work the stuff. Yet now we use tungsten to write with, to traverse glaciers,
to emit X-rays and to destroy buildings without the use of explosives.
To understand how this happened, we need to understand the competitive
forces that have shaped everything in our world, and where better to start than a
mystery at the heart of the evolution of life?
For the first four billion years, life didn't actually do much evolving.
Organisms were small, simple and fairly rare. Then around 500 million years ago
something extraordinary happened - the fossil records show there was an incredible
explosion of life.
What is molybdenum and what does it do?
is a mineral that you need to stay healthy. Your body uses molybdenum to process
proteins and genetic material like DNA. Molybdenum also helps break down drugs and toxic
substances that enter the body.
Niobium is used in alloys including stainless steel. It improves the strength of the
alloys, particularly at low temperatures. Alloys containing niobium are used in jet
engines and rockets, beams and girders for buildings and oil rigs, and oil and gas
This element also has superconducting properties. It is used in superconducting
magnets for particle accelerators, MRI scanners and NMR equipment.
Niobium oxide compounds are added to glass to increase the refractive index, which
allows corrective glasses to be made with thinner lenses.
- Creado: 04-11-21
- Última sesión: 04-11-21